HM 511 CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION

Chemical engineering and food technology > Chemical engineering

HM 511 CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION

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This equipment demonstrates a process for separation of a mixture (one soluble in another) of two liquids of different boiling points.

The unit consists of reboiler, two distillation columns, condenser, reflux tank, top product tank, feed tanks with feed pump, feed preheater, bottom product tanks, measuring instruments, and other accessories.

An initial feed is added to the reboiler where the vapor with higher concentration of the lower boiling point component rises in the distillation column. The vapor leaves the top and is condensed in the condenser and collected in the reflux tank. Part of the condensate in the reflex tank is fed back to the top of the column where heat exchange is taken place with the rising vapor. This results in the vapor phase being richer in the lower boiling point component, and the liquid phase being richer in the higher boiling point component. The liquid phase moves down to the reboiler.

The feed is pumped from feed tanks, preheated in a preheater, before delivery to the distillation column. The feed is partially evaporated in the column on its way to the bottom where it is heated to boiling.

The hot mixture in the reboiler is rich in higher boiling point components is used to preheat the feed and collected in the bottom product tanks.

Two columns, sieve plate column and packed column with Rasching rings, can be interchanged simply by valve control. Lagging is provided for reboiler, sieve column, condenser, and preheater.

The unit is installed on a stainless steel frame.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Comparison of sieve column and packed column performance in continuous operation.

  • Comparison with batch distillation.

  • Column efficiency vs boil up rate at total reflux.

  • Top product composition vs time at constant reflux ratio.

  • Manual control of reflux ratio.

  • Plate to plate temperature profiles.

  • Mass balance across the system.

  • Plate column
:  Stainless steel with a view port
 :  8 sieve plates, with a sampling point
  • Packed column
:  Borosilicate glass with Rachig rings
  • Reboiler
:  1
  • Heater
:  Adjustable
  • Maximum temperature
:  130oC
  •  Condenser
:  Shell and tube, stainless steel, water cooled
  • Preheater
:  Coiled in shell, stainless steel
  • Feed pump
:  400 mL/min
  • Vacuum pump       
:  1
  • Reagents
:  Methanol/water solution
  • Tanks
 
- Reflux tank:  1, Stainless steel
- Top product tank:  1, Stainless steel
- Feed tanks:  2, Stainless steel
- Bottom products tanks  :  1, Stainless steel
  • Measuring instruments
 
- Pressure drop across column:  Water manometer
- Cooling water flow rate:  Flow meter
- Feed flow rate:  Flow meter (Alcohol resistance)
- Reflux ratio  :  0 - 100%
- System pressure:  Pressure / vacuum gauge
- Sensors with digital display:  Temperatures
 :   Watt meter
  • Power supply  
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 95 x 60 x 250 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 80 kg
  • CF511-011A
Borosilicate glass with stainless steel sieve plates instead of stainless-steel sieve plate column.
  • CF511S  
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                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 510 BATCH DISTILLATION UNIT

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This equipment demonstrates a process for separation of a mixture (one soluble in another) of two liquids of different boiling points.

The unit consists of reboiler, two distillation columns, condenser, reflux tank, top product tank, vacuum pump, measuring instruments, and other accessories.

The liquid mixture is added to the reboiler where the mixed vapor with higher concentration of the lower boiling point component rises in the distillation column. The vapor leaves the top and is condensed in the condenser and the reflux tank. Part of the condensate in the reflux tank is fed back to the top of the column where heat exchange is taken place with the rising vapor. This results in vapor phase being richer in lower boiling point component, and the liquid phase being richer in higher boiling point component. The liquid phase moves down to the reboiler. Thus, the mixture in the reboiler is richer in the higher boiling point component with time.

Two columns, sieve plate column and packed column with Rasching rings, can be interchanged simply by valve control. Lagging is provided for reboiler, sieve plate column, and condenser.

The unit is installed on a stainless steel frame.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Comparison of plate column and packed column performance.

  • Pressure drop across column vs boil up rate.

  • Column efficiency vs boil up rate at total reflux.

  • Top product composition vs time at constant reflux ratio.

  • Manual control of reflux ratio.

  • Plate to plate temperature profiles.

  • Mass balance across the system.

  • Plate column
:  Stainless steel with a view port
 :  8 sieve plates
  • Packed column
:  Borosilicate glass with Raschig rings
  • Reboiler
 
  • Heater
:  Adjustable
  • Maximum temperature
:  130oC
  • Condenser
:  Shell and tube, stainless steel, water cooled
  • Reflux tank
:  Stainless steel
  • Top product tank
:  Stainless steel
  • Reagents
:  Water/Methanol solution
  • Vacuum pump
:  1
  • Measuring instrument
 
- Pressure drop across column:  Water manometer
- Cooling water flow rate:  Flow meter
- Reflux ratio:  0 - 100%
- System pressure:  Pressure/vacuum gauge
- Sensors with digital display:  Temperatures
 :  Watt meter
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 95 x 60 x 250 cm.
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 80 kg
  • CF510-011A    Borosilicate glass with stainless steel sieve plates instead of stainless steel sieve plate column.
  • Other optional equipment, please contact manufacturer ([email protected])
  • CF510S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 502 FLUIDIZATION AND HEAT TRANSFER

CF 502 FLUIDIZATION AND HEAT TRANSFER

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This bench top equipment is for studying the behavior of a fluidized bed and heat transfer coefficient of a hot surface in a fluidized bed.

The unit consists of a glass cylinder with a bottom chamber and a top assembly. The bottom chamber has as a built-in air distributor. The distributor can be replaced by a locally designed one for students and other investigations. The top assembly consists of an air filter and a heating element, temperature probes and a pressure probe. The glass cylinder assembly is attached to a panel through the top assembly and can be easily removed and installed.

The glass cylinder is partially filled with granular bed material. Air is supplied to the bottom chamber. The air fluidizes the bed material and escapes to the atmosphere through the top filter.

A small air compressor is provided. The air flow rate is measured by a flow meter. A heating element is provided in the glass cylinder. Temperature probes are provided for measurement of heating element surface, fluidized bed and air inlet to the bottom chamber. A water manometer measures pressure drop in the fluidized bed. The heating element, temperature probes and pressure probe can move up and down at any position in the glass cylinder.

Safety features include overheating and overpressure. A second temperature probe on the heating element limits heating element maximum temperature by a controller. A pressure relief valve is provided at inlet airline to limit maximum pressure in the glass cylinder due to blocked filter.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • To study the behavior of a fluidized bed for various types of granular materials.

  • To study changes in pressure drop vs air flow for various granular materials, both pack and fluidized beds.

  • To study the effect of superficial velocity, depth of immersion, and granular size on the surface heat transfer coefficient by a hot surface in a fluidized bed.

  • To investigate the effect of distributor design on the bed behavior.

  • To demonstrate separation by particle size and density.

  • Glass cylinder
:  Borosilicate glass
  • Air distributor
:  Porous materials
  • Heater
:  180 W with power control
  • Heating surface temperature control
 
  • Measuring instruments
 
-       Pressure drop         :  Water manometer
-       Air flow rate:  Flow meter
-      Sensors with digital display:  Temperatures for fluidized bed and inlet air
 :  Voltage and current
  • Granular bed material
:  Aluminium oxide
-  Size     :  4 sizes
-  Quantity:  1 L for each size
  • Accessory
:  Pressure relief valve
  • Power supply
:  220V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 75 x 50 x 90 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 40 kg
  • CF502-001
Air compressor
  • CF502-010A

Air flow digital display instead of rotameter.

  • CF502-011A
Differential pressure digital display instead of water manometer.
  • CF502S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 501 FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED APPARATUS

CF 501 FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED APPARATUS

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This bench top apparatus is designed for a study of fluid bubbling phenomena in fixed and fluidized beds of solid particles.

The apparatus consists of a water and an air system. Each has a fluidized column and a pump. Air or water is supplied to the column via bottom porous plate and escape to the top. Control valve varies the rate of flow. Two sizes of bed materials are supplied.   Measurement of flow rate is by flow meter and pressure drop is by manometer.  

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Visualization of fluidization

  • Pressure drop through packed and fluidized beds for both water and air systems

  • Observation of difference between particulate and aggregative fluidization

  • Verification of Carman - Kozeny equation.      

  • Fluidized column
:  Glass tube with 1 mm scale
 :  50 mm diameter x 550 mm long
  • Bed plate
:  Wire mesh
  • Manometer
:  For air and water
  • Flow meter
:  For air and water
  • Water pump
:  1
  • Air compressor
:  1
  • Bed material
:  Alumina oxides or washed sand, two sizes
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz.  Other power supply is available on request.
  
  
  
  
  
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 80 x 50 x 80 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 35 kg
  • CF501S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 400 KINETIC REACTORS IN SERIES

CF 400 KINETIC REACTORS IN SERIES

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This bench top unit is designed for a study of mixed multi stage process dynamics.

The unit consists of three reactor vessels connected in series. Each reactor has a variable speed agitator. Two reagent vessels, each with a reagent pump and a flow meter, feed the reagents to the first reactor. Piping connection allows the reagents to be fed directly to any reactor. A drain tank under each reactor and a dead time coil are provided.

Conductivity probes are fitted to each reactor for monitoring the process. Instruments are provided for indicating reagent flow rate and conductivity.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Study of dynamic process for stirred tank reactors in series.

  • Influence of flow rate.

  • Study of chemical reaction in three tank system.

  • Study of time constant using a dead-time coil.

  • Reagent tanks
:  2
  • Reactor tanks
:  3
  • Drain tanks
:  3
  • Reagent pumps
:  2
  • Variable speed agitator
:  3, with speed control units
  • Measuring instruments
 

- Flow meters 

:  2 for each inlet feed reagent
- Sensors with digital display:  Conductivities for each reactor
 :  Speeds for each agitator.
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  
  
  
  
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 120 x 60 x 90 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 58 kg
  • CF400-050
Computer Interface (computer not included)
                                      This includes CF400S and significant sensor(s) instead of analog measuring instrument(s), data acquisition (capture, display, graph and/or data export), additional software function for real-time data logging with computer interface unit and WiFi feature for data logging and real-time display remotely on smartphone (iOS and Android)
  • CF400S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 120 DEEP BED FILTER COLUMN

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The deep bed filter is a demonstration unit for treatment of water with suspended particles by sand filtration.

The unit consists of a filtration column is fitted with vertical row of pressure tapping points on one side and similar sampling points on the other side. Both ends of the column are closed with flanges for liquid inlet and outlet. A pump delivers raw water from the raw water tank to the top of the column. Suspended particles are trapped in the sand filter as water flow down through the column to the bottom via filter. The treated water is collected from the bottom in a treated water tank. Hoses connect pressure from the tappings along the side of the column to a manometer bank. Samples of raw water is collected from the sampling points on the side of the column. A manometer bank is provided for measurement of pressure along the column.

Overtime more particles are deposited in the filter which increases the pressure drop across the filter and flow rate decreases. Backwashing is required using treated or clean water and pressure drop is reduced again. Required pipings are provided.

The filter unit is on a steel frame.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Understanding the principles of depth filtration by sand filter.

  • Measurement of filter differential pressure vs flow rate.

  • Observation of pressure drop with time.

  • Measurement of suspended particles at different height.

  • Demonstration of back washing.

  • Column
: 110 mm OD and 100 mm ID acrylic tube x 1400 mm high.
  • Pressure taps
: 20 points
  • Sampling taps
: 30 points
  • Pumps
: 0.37 kW
  • Sump tanks
: 2
  • Flow meter
: 2
  • Power supply
: 220 V, 1 Ph, 50Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 160 x 270 x 80 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 235 kg
  • CF120-050
Computer Interface (computer not included)
                                           This includes CF120S and significant sensor(s) instead of analog measuring instrument(s), data acquisition (capture, display, graph and/or data export), additional software function for real-time data logging with computer interface unit and WiFi feature for data logging and real-time display remotely on smartphone (iOS and Android)
  • Washed sand 160 kg (Due to export laws and regulations, washed sand cannot be exported. Buyer should source it locally.)
  • Other optional equipment, please contact manufacturer ([email protected])
  • CF120S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 102 FLUID MIXING TANK

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The fluid mixing tank is a bench top unit for a study of mixing two materials.

The unit consists of a mixing tank with removable baffles and a drain valve. A variable speed agitator is mounted on a column with base and can be moved vertically to facilitate impeller installation or removal. Various types of impellers are provided.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Mixing/flow visualization.

  • Power/speed of different impellers.

  • Mixing of solid/liquid suspensions.

  • Mixing of two immiscible liquids.

  • Mixing quality vs mixing time.

  • Prediction of power for large scale mixers.

  • Mixing tank
 
- Materials:  Acrylic
- Capacity:  Approx. 30 L
  • Agitator speed
:  Upto 900 rpm
  • Speed control
:  Inverter
  • Digital display
:  Speed
 :  Torque
 :  Power
  • Impellers
 
- Turbine blade:  1 ea.
- Propeller blade:  1 ea.
- Flat blade paddles:  1 ea.
- Flat blade paddles with holes: 2 ea.
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 45 x 45 x 90 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 30 kg
  • CF101-001
Additional impellers
  • CF102-003
Removable heat transfer coil using outside water supply for cooling or heating the mixture.
  • CF102-005 
Air supply
  • CF102S  
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.
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CF 101 STIRRER MIXING TANK

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The stirrer mixing tank is a bench top unit for a study of mixing two materials.

The unit consists of a mixing tank with removable baffles and a drain valve. A variable speed agitator is mounted on a column with base and can be moved vertically to facilitate impeller installation or removal. Various types of impellers are provided.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Mixing/flow visualization.

  • Power/speed of different impellers.

  • Mixing of solid/liquid suspensions.

  • Mixing of two immiscible liquids.

  • Mixing quality vs mixing time.

  • Prediction of power for large scale mixers.

  • Mixing tank
 
- Materials:  Transparent
- Capacity:  Approx. 20 L
  • Impellers
 
- Turbine blade:  1
- Propeller blade:  1
- Flat blade paddles:  2
- Flat blade paddle with holes:  2 ea.
  • Digital display
:  Speed
 :  Torque
 :  Power
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH: 45 x 45 x 80 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 17 kg
  • CF101S
Learning Software
 to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry   from analog measuring instruments.
  • CF101-001
Additional impellers
  • CF102-003
Removable heat transfer coil using outside water supply for cooling or heating the mixture.
  • CF102-005
Air supply
  • CF101S
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.

 

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CF 100 LIQUID SEDIMENTATION APPARATUS

CF 100 LIQUID SEDIMENTATION APPARATUS

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The apparatus is designed to study the settling characteristics and particle sizes of suspended solid.

Five transparent glass sediment tubes are mounted vertically on a rigid frame. The rear panel is translucent with LED backlight. Scales are provided on the tubes. The tubes can be removed for washing, filling or mixing of solid particles. Sedimentation rate is observed using a stopwatch.

Instruction manual is also included.

  • Settling rate curve.

  • Effect of particle size distribution.

  • Effect of suspension height on sedimentation rates.

  • Effect of concentration on sedimentation rate.

  • Effect of flocculent.

  • Glass tubes
: 5
  • Stop watch
: 1
  • Beakers
: 3
  •  Lamps
: 4
  • Specific gravity bottle
: 1
  • Power supply
:  220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.
  • Net (unassembled) Shipping Dimensions WxLxH:  40x 70 x 115 cm
  • Net Weight:  Approx. 36 kg
  • SP261
Triple beam balance.
  • HF112S
Learning Software
                                       to support both online/offline training with data calculation and analysis by manual data entry from analog measuring instruments.

SIMILAR PRODUCTS